Recent University Visits in the Peoples Republic of China

Allen Klinger


This report describes a technical visit to five higher educational institutions during March 22 through April 4 1998. In that time I gave five formal presentations on Image Complexity and Image Pattern Recognition, met forty individuals and visited several laboratories. Four of the labs had special national status as key state laboratories. The subjects discussed were Image Processing and Pattern Recognition (IPPR), Pattern Recognition (PR), Automatic Control (AC), Automation (A), Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Graphics (CG), Industrial Process Control (IPC), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Human Computer Interaction (HCI), Coding (C), and Software Development Environment (SDE). The universities, their locations, and brief notes about each follow in the order of the visits.


Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai CHINA 200030

Shanghai Jiao Tong University was founded during the Chin dynasty. (The Jiao Tong in the university name means "transportation".) It is one of ten elite Chinese universities. There are 12

schools in the university. The basic IPPR training is in Automatic Control. The old campus has 2000 undergraduate students, 500 master's degree, and 300 Ph.D. My visit was entirely to the old campus. This campus was in the city within an enclosed park-like region. It felt something like an American Ivy League college. Departments of languages have moved entirely to the new campus, which admits 3000 undergraduates annually, hence has a total of 10-12,000 students.

Zhejiang University, Hangzhou CHINA 310027

This university was also founded during Chin dynasty (about 1896). The current campus dates from the post-liberation era (Chinese term for post World War II victory of Communists over Nationalists). It is based on Russian adaptations of the American land-grant university campus concept. There is an older campus (which I did not see) in the city center. Teaching supports training select students in a special science-oriented curriculum. Both state key laboratories (CAD and CG, IPC) are connected with university-owned commercial companies. These companies provide a substantial part of the university operating budget.

Tsinghua University, Beijing CHINA 100084

This university became a scientific rather than a general institution following the liberation. It is the most prestigious scientific university in China. The campus is large and picturesque, with old and modern buildings, including a contemporary library with extensive computer services open to the individual students. It is located in the region near the Summer Palace, an attraction noted for its beauty. There are two state key laboratories, one on AI, the other on PR and A. The former was far and away the most extensive key laboratory I visited. It is run as an open laboratory in that other Tsinghua students and researchers can use it.

Central University for Nationalities, Beijing CHINA 100081

The leading school of eighteen national universities serving 100,000,000 people, 8% of China's population (homelands comprise 64% of the country's area). Dean visited Stanford, spoke at UN.

Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,Beijing CHINA 100083

Ranked fifth among Chinese universities. Close to "Chinese Silicon Valley." My impression is that they have the largest faculty in computing of all these universities. Two professors have been to the U.S. for over six months (one for several years). Has a key national laboratory in SDE that debugged Lotus Notes and has a continuing relationship with IBM. This is an open laboratory.


In China university work is closely coupled to societal needs. This is evident both in a range of projects, and the existence of parallel organizations (commercial entities) to key national laboratories.

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Key Personnel: Professor Li, Jie-gu; and Professor Shi, Peng-Fei, Director Institute of IPPR

Electronic Mail: Li, Jie-gu <>; Shi, Peng-Fei <>

Students and projects of Prof. Li, Jie-gu

Demonstrated recognition software that is able to locate currency notes: Chinese, Hong Kong and U.S. dollars;alone or against a background (includes a fan of many bills). Results in black image in place of note. This demonstration was on a Pentium-based Chinese PC clone. The software is used to prevent color-xerox counterfeiting. The government requires placement of a chip based on this software in all copiers in the PRC.

Demonstrated Voronoi Graph matching of line drawings extracted from airborne images tosections of similar satellite-derived data. This demonstration was on a Silicon Graphics computer.

Zhejiang University

Key Personnel:

Professor Jin, Xiao Gang, State Key Lab of CAD and CG and Artsea Computer Graphics Company; Professor Rong, Gang, Institute of IPC;

Professor Zheng, Kougen;

Vice President Zhejiang University Huang, Daren, Professor of Mathematics;

Professor Zhao, Hui Wu Lab Director;

Professor Chen, Chun

Electronic Mail:

Jin, Xiao-Gang <>;

Rong, Gang <>;

Chen, Chun <>;

Huang, Daren <>;

Zheng, Kougen <>,<>;

Zhao, Hui Wu <>

Projects of Prof. Jin, Xiao Gang

Work in Scientific Visualization, Animation, Rapid Rendering on Silicon Graphics computers. Received an award of $ 1,000,000 in 1998 which will be used to purchase Sun computers.

Has software able to run 17 minutes on a 486-based PC to render reflections on over 64,000 spheres in a fractal image.

Has a project to animate the Xian ceramic warriors.

Working on Computerized Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Images to create oct-tree based solid models.

Projects of Prof. Rong, Gang

The Institute of IPC has a great deal of older Digital Equipment Company computer equipment. The parallel university-owned company has 30% of China's market for distributed controls.

Activities and interests of Prof. Zhao, Hui Wu; Prof. Chen, Chun; Prof. Huang, Daren

Prof. Zhao is involved with students admitted to take a heavy program in computing, science and mathematics ("mixed class" [1]).

Prof. Chen knows Prof. Li, Jie-gu of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (pattern and image recognition).

Prof. Huang has extensive first-hand knowledge of the U.S. He is active in administration.

Tsinghua University

Key Personnel:

Professor Wang, Jiaxin, Deputy Director, State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Technology and Systems, Department of Computer Science and Technology;

Professor Yan, Pingfan, Department of Automation

Electronic Mail:

Wang, Jiaxin <wjx>

Projects of Professor Wang, Jiaxin and Professor Yan, Pingfan

The State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Technology and Systems has extensive research projects involving some 1000 students and 150 faculty with both Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence and Automation root disciplines. The national evaluations of the 18 key laboratories in 1994 and 1997 led to unique and outstanding achievements. In 1997 this laboratory was rated number one in the nation. In 1994 and 1997 the laboratory received an A evaluation, something limited to 10 % of those examined. The research is on Theory, Applications and Technology. It includes Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing; Mobile and Assembly Robots; Pattern Recognition - Data Mining, Knowledge Acquisition and Machine Learning; Neural Networks; and Language Translation. There is work on Virtual Reality, Stereo Vision, Flexible Arm - Telepresence, Seismic Signal Analysis for Oil and Natural Gas Exploration, Chinese Character Recognition, Speech and Face Recognition.

Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Key Personnel:

Professor Liu,Wensheng; Professor Li, Bo, Vice Director, Storage Technology, National Laboratory of Software Development Environment and Vice Chairman, Dept. of Comp. Science;

Professor Shen, Xu Kun, Assoc. Dean Computer Science

Electronic Mail:

Li, Bo <> ; Shen, Xu Kun <>

Projects of Professor Li, Bo and Professor Shen, Xu Kun

The Department of Computer Science is the largest in the university with 500 post-graduate students. The laboratory of software development is doing research on multiple parallel processes using Epson PCs . They have a quality engineering center that found bugs in the first release of Lotus Notes. There is a research project on image compression using wavelets. The demonstrations showed superior performance to that in the published literature. There are many visiting scholars. They are from the Near and Middle East, Pakistan, South Korea, and the U.S. (Michigan). They are involved in Virtual Reality and Data Base research. The equipment is first rate, with large numbers of Silicon Graphics workstations (including O2 and Indigo platforms), Sun (Sparc20 and 2000 servers)

Contact Information

Li, Jie-Gu, Professor Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai CHINA 200030

628 12341 O 648 12733 H 86-21-628 20892 fax

Faculty Club Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Hua Shan Road, Shanghai CHINA 200030

646 44734 628 22088 fax 628 22822

Shi, Peng-Fei, Professor & Director, Institute of Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai CHINA 200030

646 44734 86 21 628 20892 fax

Yang, Xin, Dr., Assoc. Professor of Image Processing Lab., Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai CHINA 200030 86 21 628 12975 86 21 628 20892 fax

Doctor of Applied Science Free University of Brussels, Belgium; "Hierarchical contour matching in medical images," Image and Vision Computing, 14, '96, 417-433 Elsevier.

Yang, Jie, Dr., Assoc. Professor, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai CHINA 200030

Ph.D., University of Hamburg, Germany Member IEEE Computer Society

86 21 628 12 957 86 21 628 05946 fax

Yang, Guiliang> Demonstrated currency recognition software.

Yang, Qianbang 0086-021-628 12035 <> <>

Demonstrated Voronoi Graph airborne/satellite image-matching. Ph.D. July 1998.

Hasson, Hadi, Baghdad University, Iraq. Image sequencing, retrieval and coding

Finishes Ph.D. in 2000 . Student of Prof. Jie-gu Li

Huang, Daren, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou CHINA 310027

795 1103 0571 795 1358 fax

Wu, Zhaohui, Professor and Laboratory Director, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou CHINA 310027

Professor Jin, Xiao Gang, State Key Lab of CAD and CG and Artsea Computer Graphics Company

Zhejiang University, Hangzhou CHINA 310027

0571 795 1780 795 1045 795 1358 Fax

Rong, Gang, Ph.D., Professor and Director Institute of Industrial Process Control

Zhejiang University, Hangzhou CHINA 310027

0571 795 1125

Yu, Ruizhao, Professor, former Chair of CS Dept., Zhejiang University, Hangzhou CHINA 310027

Zheng, Kougen, Dr., Assoc. Professor, Comp. Sci., Zhejiang University, Hangzhou CHINA 310027

0571 795 1248 O 0571 799 0446 H 0571 795 1358 fax

Wang, Jiaxin, Ph.D., Professor and Deputy Director, State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Technology and Systems, Dept. of Comp. Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing CHINA 100084

8610 627 82266 8610 627 89149 8610 625 62463 fax wjx

Liu,Wensheng, Professor, Beijing University Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing CHINA 100083

6674.9685 H, No. 1 Beiyuandayuan 14-1-8, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100012, China

Yang, Sheng-Min, Ph.D., Professor and Dean, College of Ethnological Studies,

Central University for Nationalities, No. 27 Baishiqiao Road, Beijing, CHINA 100081

689 33215 H 010 68466568 Fax

Li, Bo, Ph.D., Professor and Vice Director, Storage Technology, National Laboratory of Software Development Environment and Vice Chairman, Dept. of Comp. Science,

Beijing University Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing CHINA 100083

86-10 6201 7251 ext. 7633 O 86-10 6201 3322 ext 5687 H

86-10 6202 8356 fax boli

Shen, Xu Kun Ph.D., Professor, Assoc. Dean Computer Science,

Beijing University Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing CHINA 100083

86-10 6201 7251-7604 86-10 6201 5347 fax

Cooperative Research

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Image Pattern Recognition offers the greatest amount of established research for future cooperation.

Existing work on aerial/space image matching and counterfeit currency detection could be the basis of cooperative research.

Zhejiang University

Scientific Visualization, Animation, and Rapid Rendering all could be part of cooperative research. The linking of medical sensing via Computerized Tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI), often called Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) to oct-tree based solid models to build useful interactive systems has strong dual-use aspects. Research on Distributed Control, Stochastic Control, Reliability and Risk all have environmental/conservation aspects that render them suitable for cooperation with China due to rapid modernization and resource needs of the large population. Training undergraduate students simultaneously in computing, science and mathematics also provides a model for Human Computer Interface research. Such work could have strong impact on training of a broadly-based technical work force.

Central University for Nationalities museum of cultural and ethnographic artificacts can support a variety of computer studies. They could range over Pattern Analysis, Data Base and Virtual Reality domains. The multiethnic nature of the school's student body could support computer projects in language kinship based on interactive computing [3].

Tsinghua University research library is able to support work in Data Mining particularly with regard to issues in Pattern Analysis and Seismic Signal Processing. Such activity was taking place during my visit to the open areas of the library via CD-ROM search. The activity of greatest potential for future influence may well be in Chinese Character Recognition. They were pursuing an approach that neglected structural information, but used image analysis and understanding technology [2]. Their work in Vision, particularly Stereo; that in Flexible Arm - Telepresence; and probably Seismic Signal Analysis for Oil and Natural Gas Exploration research are candidates for future collaborations. [There already is Hewlett-Packard equipment and funding support for the State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Technology and Systems.]

Beijing Universityof Aeronautics and Astronautics is able to support work in Image Processing, Remote Sensing, and Medical Image Analysis. Likewise they can be highly effective in software quality engineering research. Through their museum of aircraft that includes one of two existing US WWII Black Widow fighters, they can support Virtual Reality and Computer Graphics activities for Flight Simulator designs.

Notes and References

[1] Electronic Mail from Zhejiang University Mixed Class Student

[2] Klinger, A., "Recent Computer Science Research in Language Processing," Amer. J. of Computational Linguistics, 12: 3, 2-25, 1975.

[3] Klinger, A. ed., Human Machine Interactive Systems, NY: Plenum Press, 1991.

Electronic Mail from Zhejiang University Mixed Class Student

Date: Sun, 05 Apr 1998 17:18:32 PDT

To: klinger@CS.UCLA.EDU

From: Subject: From China

Dear Prof. Klinger,

I think I'm very lucky to have the chance to hear your lecture and also have a talk with you after the lecture. Although I had not understood all the words in your lecture but I think it is the best one I have everheard. For the time of the last talk between us was very limited and I didn't have a self-introduction. And now I think I should introduce myself to you first.

I was born in the year of 1982.You may feel a bit surprise at my age. Please go on with my mail and you will find the reason.My home is settled near Zhong Guan Cun in Beijing where is called the silicon valley of China by Chinese people.(If you will go to Beijing one day, please don't forget to pay a visit to my home and have a cup of tea.)My mother is a middle school teacher and my father is an engineer.At the age of 6, I entered ZhongGuan Cun Primary School. For the location of this primary school is the silicon valley of China. So it provided us a chance to learn something about the computer,which most of the other children in China didn't have at that time.When I touched the computer for the first time,I immediatly fell deeply in love with it. And I decided to try my best to become a scientist in this field when I grow up.Then I almost went to the computer room of our primary school every day,operating and programming.In grade two, I won the first prize of a computer competition for primary-school students in China. At that time I was just 7 years old.Then during the next three years I won several prizes of mathimatic competition. And in grade five,I passed the test and was enrolled by the Prominent Children'sClass of No.8 Millde School of Beijing.

I don't know whether you have already known something about this class, so I want to make a brief introduction about it.It was established 12 years ago and chooses 30 to 40 most talented children whose ages are around 11 from aroud China every another year.They are formed into a class and tought the knowledges that ordinary students of that age have to learn for 7 or 8 years in just 4 years time,and then take part in the College Entrance Examination and go to universities. The educational system of the class is different from those of the other middle schools in China.It pays attention not only to the mark but also more to the ablity and quality of each student in it. For example when I was studying in it, we had a subject with the name Creative Thought which has never been tought in any other middle schools in China.We went swimming or climbing mountains or hiking once a week with the lead of our P.E. teacher.And on one National Day,we went to Shan Dong Province by train led by our teachers, and climbed the most famous mountain in China ---the Tai Shan Mountian.And in a summer vacation our teachers led us going to Shan Hai Guan(the end of the Great Wall) by bike, where is nearly 400 kilometers far from Beijing. We went there and went back in just a week,covered a distance of nearly 800 kilometers.Although this class doesn't have a long history,it is quite successful, for that most of the studnets who graduated from this class 8 years ago are now reading their Phd degrees in American universities.Their average age is no more than 22.And also some of them are in some world famous universities,such as MIT and Harvard.There is also one in Berkeley. His name is Xing Fan,andif you want to get in touch with him,you can send him emails. His email address is

During the four years study in the Prominent Children's Class of No.8 Middle School, I not only did a good job at my in-class study but also tought myself some computer knowledge in my spare time. And I passed the Test for Junior Programmer at the age of 13,using C Programming Language. At the age of 15, I graduated from there and entered the Mixed Class of Zhejiang University. At the time when I graduated from the prominent children's class, I was one of the first five students in it. Then I began the study in the Mixed Class. Because the difference between the educational system of our children's class and that of the southern China,I was not so good at in-class study comparing with the other students in the Mixed Class who are 3 or 4 years older than me. And in the first exam I was almost at the bottom. But I didn't give up and by my hard work I have made a rapid progress and now I am above the average and I believe I can and will be one of the best students in the Mixed Class by trying my best.

Now I want to tell you some of my interests. Beside computer, I likemusic and sports.I used to play the piano quite well and I'm good at playing table tennis.Now I have just begun to learn to play tennis.There are also some weaknesses on me,for example my handwriting is poor. But I think with my efforts I can recover them in the future.

Last time you advised me to start research work earlier. But there is a problem that I forgot to tell you last time. For there is a cruel rule in the Mixed Class that the last one third studnets in the final examination will be eliminated from this class,so everyone here is kept very busy in studying the text book,and hardly has any time to do anything else. So I can't start my research work now maybe I will start it next term,at that time the rule will not act on us any more. But I think it will be much better if I can go to study in an American University and do my research work there. Because there I can have the chance to learn the latest technology of computer, and there are much better conditions for me to do research work and much more chances to succeed.What shall I do now if I want to go to an American univeristy two or three years later? Can you give me some advice?

Thank you very much. And waiting for your reply!

Your sincerely,

Name Deleted 3/22/2011

Mixed Class

Zhejiang University