Divide nine loaves of bread equally between ten people.

Nine-tenths, one-tenth.

Two thirds, one-fifth, one-thirtieth.

Egyptian fractions were either

Break many loaves into two-thirds, one-third segments.

Use the fact that two-thirds (likewise two thirds), one-fifth, and one-thirtieth sum to nine-tenths.

All ten receive comparable sized chunks of bread, under the second (older, Egyptian) form of division.

The modern method yields the first division.

Nine people receive large pieces. One person gets nine small items.