Interactive Hashing Simplifies Zero-Knowledge Protocol Design.
Rafail Ostrovsky, Ramarathnam Venkatesan, Moti Yung
Abstract: Often the core difficulty in designing zero-knowledge protocols arises from having to consider every possible cheating verifier trying to extract additional information. We here consider a compiler which transforms protocols proven secure only with respect to the honest verifier into protocols which are secure against any (even cheating) verifier. Such a compiler, which preserves the zero-knowledge property of a statistically or computationally secure protocol was first proposed in [BMO-90] based on Discrete Logarithm problem. In this paper, we show how such a compiler could be constructed based on any one-way permutation using the recent method of interactive hashing [OVY-90]. This applies to both statistically and computationally secure protocols, preserving their respective security. Our result allows us to utilize DES-like permutations for such a compiler.
comment: Appeared In Proceedings of EUROCRYPT-93) Springer Verlag.
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