Rafail Ostrovsky - Publications

Covert Multi-Party Computation.

Nishanth Chandran, Vipul Goyal, Rafail Ostrovsky, Amit Sahai


In STOC 05, Ahn, Hopper and Langford introduced the notion of covert computation. A covert computation protocol is one in which parties can run a protocol without knowing if other parties are also participating in the protocol or not. At the end of the protocol, if all parties participated in the protocol and if the function output is favorable to all parties, then the output is revealed. Ahn et al. constructed a protocol for covert two-party computation in the random oracle model. In this paper, we offer a construction for covert multi-party computation. Our construction is in the standard model and does not require random oracles. In order to achieve this goal, we introduce a number of new techniques. Central to our work is the development of zero-knowledge proofs to garbled circuits, which we believe could be of independent interest. Along the way, we also develop a definition of covert computation as per the Ideal/Real model simulation paradigm.

comment: FOCS 2007: 238-248

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