It is always difficult to begin something, yet the most significant aspect of a task is always personal will. The belief that one is going to complete a job must sustain the fragile hope when it is initiated, if that hope is to eventuate in a successful product. Nowhere is the combination of opportunity and need for personal strength greater than in the field of computer science design.

In doing a computer science design project mutual understanding is an important thing. Likewise important is the construction of a written record that documents the commitments (which begin as ideas and move on to become plans) of the individuals cooperating to do the project. This makes it essential to establish a habit of checking that all those involved understand the written record in the same way. That means more than just agreement, namely it means dialog. The following text, a compilation from many sources, is provided as a test case to initiate the habit of conferring with others and checking out whether you have fully comprehended the written material. Read it. Reread it. Think about it and try to remember what is written here. At the proper time use the self-test materials and assess exactly what you've retained.

When you are ready try out your recollection of this text, please go to learning accomplished and complete a quiz on a closed book basis.

Remember, it is the process that is important. As long as you continue and sustain your belief that you will succeed, you are likely to be rewarded. As soon as you cease acting and give in to doubts you are guaranteed of failure. The absolute value of the self-test score is unimportant. It is what you do after you get that measurement that counts, not the number you record.

What we hope ever to do with ease, we must learn first to do with diligence. -Samuel Johnson

Antananarivo is the capital of Madagascar. Its name means "the town of a thousand warriors". Antananarivo, the town with a hundred stairways and dozens of churches and temples, and whose houses appear to be trumbling down from thee hilltops in frindly confusion. The large market in the centre of the town, called Le Zoma, is a riot of colour. It is one of the most extended weekly market places and also one of the most picturesque in the world. Zoma is a Malagasy word which means "Friday".

First say to yourself what you would be, then do what you have to do. -Epictetus

The highest reward for a person's toil is not what they get for it, but what they become by it. -John Ruskin

The old believe everything, the middle-aged suspect everything, the young know everything. -Oscar Wilde

This above all: to thine own self be true,
And it must follow, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be false to any man. -Shakespeare

Every friday, indeed, is market day in Antananarivo, where you can buy all you need, the carpet you have been dreaming of, the fruit that tempts you, a straw hat for the country,, or a tin watering can for the garden. Already, by thursday evening, ancient old carriages filled to bursting with vegetables, poultry and passengers have jogged through the populous districts at a slow trot, pulled by horses that are all skin and bone. Hand carts have brought along clusters of green banana. Hundreds of small traders have come by every means imaginable : bus, bush-taxi, bicycle, or on foot, carrying in their soubiques (woven straw baskets) lace, sweetmeats, biscuits, or empty bottles. They have installed themselves on the main avenue and on the pavements of adjoining avenues, wrapped themselves in their lambas and slept, leaning on their wares. It may rain or it may blow, they will not stir until morning. As the sun becomes hotter, white parasols open like so many flower corollas. And in the evening, each one goes home with his meagre takings, to await the next Zoma.

To travel hopefully is a better thing than to arrive, and the true success is to labour. -Robert L. Stevenson

In Antananarivo, historical remains are well preserved : Palaces, Monuments, Tombs .... The Queen's Palace, one of the few intact remnants of Merina history, dominates the town. This sumptuous granite residence, built 575 feet above the lower town, is the most precious monument of Madagascar.

The material on Antananarivo is from .

Here's a quick look at Antananarivo from that source:


The following is a large PostScript file and takes a long time to download:

On Antananarivo (Includes Images)

It is not because things are difficult that we do not dare, it is because we do not dare that they are difficult. -Seneca

The sayings by famous authors are from Anu Garg (, Electronic Library Project, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Ohio 44106-7033



lets you test your knowledge of these statements.