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Quantification and Analysis of Scientific Language Variation Across Research Fields

Pei Zhou, Muhao Chen, Kai-Wei Chang, and Carlo Zaniolo, in CDEC (workshop at ICDM), 2018.


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Abstract

Quantifying differences in terminologies from various academic domains has been a longstanding problem yet to be solved. We propose a computational approach for analyzing linguistic variation among scientific research fields by capturing the semantic change of terms based on a neural language model. The model is trained on a large collection of literature in five computer science research fields, for which we obtain field-specific vector representations for key terms, and global vector representations for other words. Several quantitative approaches are introduced to identify the terms whose semantics have drastically changed, or remain unchanged across different research fields. We also propose a metric to quantify the overall linguistic variation of research fields. After quantitative evaluation on human annotated data and qualitative comparison with other methods, we show that our model can improve cross-disciplinary data collaboration by identifying terms that potentially induce confusion during interdisciplinary studies.

Bib Entry

@inproceedings{ZCCZ18,
  author = {Zhou, Pei and Chen, Muhao and Chang, Kai-Wei and Zaniolo, Carlo},
  title = {Quantification and Analysis of Scientific Language Variation Across Research Fields},
  booktitle = {CDEC (workshop at ICDM)},
  year = {2018}
}


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